nature, history, civilization

Ethnographic aspects
History unfold
The Iron and Bronze Age
Geto-Dacians vestiges
Roman vestiges
The Byzantine vestiges
The XIII-XIV period
The XIV-XV period
The Ottoman Possession
The Modern Times
Places History
History of Tulcea
History of Sulina

Cultural itinerary

Historical itinerary

History of places and people living in this area.

The XIII-XIV period

Transport to the
Danube Delta area

Weather at Tulcea:
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Weather at Sulina:
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Danube's water levels

Fishing zones

Authors: Cristina Dinu, Aurel Stanica, dr. Steluta Parau, Mihaela Iacob

During the XIII-XIV centuries the Danube and Black Sea area is one of the most active in international trade.

At the end of the XIII-d century and at the beginning of the XIV century, Chilia Veche is mentioned in documents as important center of commercial transactions of Genovian merchants. The town issues coins, called "asperi boni argenti et spendibilis de Chilii".

A coin treasure (26000 coins-Tartarian asperis and Byzantine hyperberis) has been discovered on the hills of Uzumbair near Tulcea.

An Arabian geographer, Idrisi mentioned Armucastru (Ermocastro, Argamum (?)=Jurilovca) as an " old town with high buildings, flourishing fields and trade which brings prosperity, seated on a pleasant hill, which dominated the sea "

"There-in the Black sea-there is the source of all the merchandise " exclaimed a Genovian merchant in the XIV century; but because it was like that, the Danube Delta, its towns and commercial routes became object of a fiercely dispute during the next centuries.

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